Partial hysterectomy is a surgical process in which only some portion of the uterus is removed. In most of the cases, the largest portion of the uterus is not interfered with and is therefore left intact. Also left intact are the fallopian tubes and ovaries. In some other cases, large portion of the uterus may be removed (meaning that only small portion is left) while the fallopian tubes are cut or removed and the ovaries are left intact. Whether or not pregnancy will happen after partial hysterectomy is highly dependent on the surgical procedure details as well as the length of time following the surgery when pregnancy takes place. Here below is an analysis of the chances of pregnancy occurring depending on how the hysterectomy surgical procedure is carried out.
Surgical procedure in which ovaries and fallopian tubes are left intact and the cervix in its place
If the partial hysterectomy is performed such that large portion of the uterus is left intact, the woman may still be capable of conceiving provided the ovaries are functioning normally and the fallopian tubes are well connected between uterus and ovaries. The woman whom the surgery has been performed upon must ensure that the uterus is lowed to completely heal before she attempts to conceive. The initial time of recovery can be anything from six to eight weeks. However, scar tissue that has sufficient strength for holding pregnancy may take quite long period of time to form.
Surgical procedure in which one ovary and fallopian tube is left intact and the cervix in its place
During partial hysterectomy, only some small uterus portion may be removed together with one fallopian tube and one ovary. In this case, there is still some possibility of the woman becoming pregnant. However, the chances are lower because there is only one ovary that releases eggs. The menstruation cycles may also be uncertain and less frequent but this depends on the size of the portion of the uterus that was left during the surgical procedure.
Surgical procedure in which fallopian tubes and ovaries are left intact while the cervix is removed
In some cases, because of abnormal results of pa smear and the pre-cancerous cells, the partial hysterectomy may involve removal of cervix together with large uterus portion. The fallopian tubes and ovaries may be left intact in their place. After removal of cervix, the surgeon will place stitches at the vaginal’s upper end so as to block the pathway to the fallopian tubes and the ovaries. In this instance, it will be impossible for sperms to go through the scar tissue which forms at the vagina’s end and therefore it will be practically impossible for pregnancy to occur.
In view of the above situations, it is highly recommended and advised that those women who area undergoing partial hysterectomy should discuss the particular details of this surgical procedure with their doctor beforehand. If for example endometriosis is the condition that needs to be treated, the surgical procedure can be postponed because pregnancy can cause temporary relief of the symptoms of the condition. On the other hand, if the reason for the surgical procedure is cancerous lesions, cysts or tumors, immediate surgery may be the only option.