Laparoscopic partial hysterectomy (LPH) involves the use of laparoscope to remove uterus. The surgical procedure may be performed because of conditions such as uterus cancer or fibroids. In the past, the traditional way of carrying out this procedure was by making incision of five to seven through the stomach so that the surgeon can have better and clearer view of the reproductive system. The surgeon should then detach the uterus, ligaments and the supply of blood and remove them and then stitch together the incision. This left a large wound on the abdominal tissue that took long time to heal. The procedure was also painful because of the large incision just above the pubic line.
In Laparoscopic partial hysterectomy, a special device is used to make incision that of the size of button hole. The uterus is then cut in to very small pieces and then removed through those small incisions. Another advantage of this surgical procedure is that it takes shorter period of time to recover because the incisions that are made are small in size. In addition to the foregoing, the ovaries and cervix will also be preserved thus maintaining normal sexual and hormonal functioning. The traditional methods of making large incision through the abdomen also led to the development of permanent scar after the operation. This is not the case with laparoscopic partial hysterectomy which leaves scars that are not highly visible. If it is performed by making incision through the vagina then it may leave no visible scars on the patient.
This new surgical procedure also does not cause much dryness of the vagina. The cervix and ovaries are left intact and the cervical glands continue secreting mucous. The traditional method posed a serious side effect of vaginal dryness. Laparoscopic procedure also offers better support for the pelvis because there is no removal or interference with the ligaments that support vagina and cervix. Most important of all, LPH offers quicker recovery rate than traditional hysterectomy because as stead earlier, it involves the making of small incisions over the abdomen. If the ovaries are spared, it is highly likely that there will be no need of hormone replacement.
There is a certain type of LPH that is referred to as robotic hysterectomy. It is recommended by surgeons and doctors because it causes less scarring, loss of blood, trauma to tissues and post operative pains. In view of these reasons, the patient who has undergone the procedure can easily return to her normal daily activities including sex life. In traditional hysterectomy, it takes on average six to eight weeks to heal. During this time, the patient must avoid engaging in strenuous activities or engaging in sex. This period of waiting to heal can put a lot of emotional, psychological, social and emotional strain on the patient and laparoscopic partial hysterectomy avoids all that. What should be noted as matter of fact is that LSH is not 100%. It is only safer as compared to the traditional hysterectomy surgical procedure. Because of this reason, it should only be performed as the last report to solve a particular gynecological problem.